Vietnam wants to learn from the experiences of other countries that use nuclear power to construct its own plants, a group of the country's leading experts said.
The Vietnam Institute of Science and Technology (VIST) said developing clean power such as nuclear energy is important because Vietnam is expected to lack 50 billion kWh of power by 2020, the Vietnam News Agency reports.
Vietnam's planned construction of the first two of four-reactor nuclear plants in the central province of Ninh Thuan will start in 2014, each with a planned capacity of 1,000MW, and will open in 2020 or 2021.
By 2030, nuclear power is expected to make up between 7% and 9% of the national electricity output, and between 15% and 20% by 2050.
Ten sites have been chosen for the construction of nuclear power plants along the Vietnamese coastline.
The nuclear plants will have second-generation technology for boiling-water or pressurised-water nuclear reactors, with an average capacity of at least 1,000MW and a lifespan of 60 years.
The contribution of foreign loans will constitute 75% of the investment while private investors will put up 25%, VIST said.
Russian and Vietnamese scientists have met in Ha Noi to discuss establishing nuclear research centres and constructing nuclear power plants in the nation.