The US will witness moderate growth in energy consumption and greater usage of renewables through 2035, according to the US Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) annual energy outlook.
EIA Administrator Richard Newell said assuming there are no new policies, fossil fuels would still account for more than three-fourths of all energy consumed up to 2035.
Up to 2035, total consumption of primary energy will increase by 14%, with a shift in the energy mix towards renewables.
The report says that the share of fossil fuels in total energy consumption in the US will decline from 84 to 78%.
Fossil liquid and biofuel consumption in the US is expected to increase to 22 million barrels per day in 2035 compared to 19 million barrels per day in 2008.
All consumption growth will be attributed to biofuels as petroleum-based liquids consumption will be flat, which will significantly reduce dependence on imported oil.
Dependence on imported gas will also decrease as domestic natural gas production increases to 23.3 trillion cubic feet in 2035 compared to 20.6 trillion cubic feet in 2008, according to the report.
Natural gas production from shale is expected to rise to 6 trillion cubic feet in 2035, counterbalancing decreases in conventional production.
Assuming no new policies are established, the CO2 emissions are expected to increase by 0.3% per annum to 6,320 million metric tons in 2035 compared to 5,814 million metric tons in 2008.
Overall consumption of electricity will rise by 1% per year to 5,021 billion kWh in 2035, compared to 3,873 billion kWh in 2008.