The UK energy bill has received royal assent making it the Energy Act 2010 to promote CCS technology for coal-fired power stations.

The Act will promote carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology by providing financial incentives for at least four commercial scale demonstration projects on coal-fired power stations.

The bill will also support the retrofit of additional CCS capacity to the projects, if necessary for the future.

The Act will tackle fuel poverty by creating a framework that requires firms to make available funds of at least £300m ($462m) per year by 2013-14 to support vulnerable consumers.

The Act also aims to provide guidance and direction to firms on the types of households eligible for future support and also on the type of support.