The first experimental nuclear reactor was constructed in the US 1942 and nuclear power has since become an important source of low-emission energy alongside renewable sources.
Generated by 456 active nuclear reactors across 30 countries, nuclear energy provides 10% of the world’s electricity and is the second-largest source of low-carbon energy after hydroelectricity, comprising 29% of total energy generation in 2017.
Despite the increase in nuclear plant safety measures, nuclear disasters, including Chernobyl in 1986 and more recently Fukushima, still pervade the general public’s mind, leading to misconceptions about the dangers of nuclear energy.
French energy provider EDF, which operates 73 reactors around the world, recently released a series of videos debunking myths about the safety, cleanness and consistency of nuclear power energy.
Is it safe?
In this video, EDF explains that nuclear energy is one of the most highly-regulated in the sector. In the UK, directives impose safety legislation, nuclear security and measures regarding the transportation of radioactive materials.
Part of the energy solution
In this video, the French utility debunks the myth that nuclear energy is not a low-carbon energy source. Data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shows that nuclear power produces 12 grams of CO2/kWh – 50% less than hydropower.
Keeping the lights on
Here, EDF explains that while solar and wind power rely on weather conditions, nuclear power can always produce energy, reducing dependency on fossil fuels.