Azov (Azovskaya) wind farm is a 90MW onshore wind project being developed in southern Russia.
The project is owned by Enel group’s subsidiary Enel Russia, while the construction and development of the wind farm are being undertaken by Enel Green Power (EGP).
It is the group’s first renewable project in Russia and the region’s first-ever renewable project.
Azov wind farm broke ground in May 2019 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2020.
The wind project will generate 320GWh of clean energy annually when fully operational. It will reduce approximately 260,000t of CO₂ emissions a year.
The wind farm is located on 133ha of land in Azov city, Rostov region.
It is located on the coastline of the Taganrog Bay of the Azov Sea, which is bounded by Ukraine in the northwest and Russia in the southeast.
The Azov wind farm project was initially developed by German SOWITEC’s subsidiary Azovskaya VES, which is now owned by Enel Russia.
It was developed under collaboration between SOWITEC, the regional government, the Azov district administration and the Rostov Investment Promotion Agency.
Enel Russia was awarded the project along with the Murmansk wind farm in the 2017 Russian governmental tender that sought to construct wind generation facilities with 1.9GW of total installed capacity.
The wind farm is also one of the priority investment projects of the Rostov region.
Azov wind farm will feature 26 SG 3.4-132 turbines with a rated capacity of 3.465MW each.
The wind farm will include 26 sets of towers, the first of which was delivered at the site in May 2020. The first set comprises three assembly sections with a collective weight of 200t.
The first hubs delivered at the site weigh over 720t, with each nacelle weighing 68t and hub weighing 35t.
Access roads with a load-bearing capacity to allow the transportation of heavy cargo to the site have also been built.
The wind farm project also involves the construction of a 110/35kV switchgear and on-site cable networks.
The SG 3.4-132 turbines being provided by Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy (SGRE) are suitable for sites with medium to high wind conditions.
The nominal power of the turbine can be increased to 3.75MW with an optimum levelised cost of energy (LCoE).
The turbine has a rotor diameter of 132m, a swept area of 13,685m² and power density of 253.2W/m².
The turbine blades, which are made up of fibreglass reinforced with epoxy or polyester resin, measure 64.5m long and weigh 20t.
The generator is a doubly fed induction system with a rating of 690V and frequency of 50Hz or 60Hz.
SGRE incorporated the OptimaFlex technology in the SG 3.4-132 turbine to ensure benefits such as reduced LCoE, increased annual energy production (AEP) and optimum cost.
Azov wind farm is being developed with an estimated investment of €132m ($148m) from Enel Russia.
Enel Russia’s subsidiary Enel Rus Wind Azov signed an agreement with the Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) for a loan facility of RUR9.5bn ($145m) in November 2018.
SGRE was contracted by Enel Russia for delivery, installation and service of 26 turbines. The company agreed to procure and assemble certain turbine components locally to meet localisation requirements.
WRS Towers received a contract to supply towers for the wind turbines. The company established an additional assembly line for the production of towers under a partnership agreement with Siemens Gamesa.
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