The Government of Bangladesh is building its first nuclear power plant in Rooppur on the east side of the river Padma near Ishwardi in the Pabna district of Bangladesh.

The project is being implemented by the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC), under the guidance of Science and Technology Ministry of the Government of Bangladesh. The nuclear power plant (NPP) will include two units, Rooppur Unit-1 and Rooppur Unit-2 with a capacity of 1.2GW each.

Foundation stone for the Rooppur NPP was laid in October 2013 and the first concrete for the main construction phase was poured in November 2017. The main construction of Unit-2 began in July 2018, with the pouring of the first concrete.

Rooppur Unit-1 is scheduled to commence operations in 2023, while Rooppur Unit-2 is due to come online in 2024.

The Rooppur nuclear power plant will use cutting-edge technologies and follow the safety guidelines of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The IAEA supported the country in the assessment of sites and development of a radioactive waste management system for the nuclear power programme.

The project will provide low-cost electricity and create new jobs in Bangladesh. The power production in Bangladesh currently exceeds 4GW a year. The new plant will increase the country’s power production and enable it to achieve energy independence.

Rooppur nuclear power plant details

Rooppur NPP will be equipped with two VVER-1200 water-cooled, water-moderated power reactors of the AES-2006 / V-392M design.

“The nuclear power plant (NPP) will include two units, Rooppur Unit-1 and Rooppur Unit-2 with a capacity of 1.2GW each.”

Each reactor unit comprises a reactor and four circulation loops, with each loop including circulation pipelines, a reactor coolant pump and horizontal steam generator.

Nominal thermal power of the reactor is 3.2GW, while the maximum utilisation factor is more than 90%. The time of fuel operation cycle in the reactor is between four and five years.

The main equipment of the Rooppur nuclear power plant will have a service life of more than 60 years, without the need for replacement.

The power plant will also include meteorological and water gauge stations, permanent seismic stations, as well as storage and laboratory facilities.

Rooppur NPP construction details

Construction of the nuclear power plant was divided into stages, including the preparatory and main stages. The preparatory construction stage work was carried out during 2015-2016. It included the construction of amenities and office buildings, roads, security fences and storage facilities.

The main construction works include excavation works, the pit water removal system, development of pit for units one and two, soil stabilisation works and foundations for both reactor units.

In March 2018, a trilateral agreement was signed to allow Indian companies to take part in construction and installation works for the project. Indian firms can also supply non-critical equipment, according to the memorandum of understanding.


Russia agreed to provide a $500m loan to Bangladesh for the project’s on-site engineering studies, project development and personnel training.

Rooppur NPP safety features

The Rooppur NPP incorporates the defence-in-depth protection, which is a multi-layer protection and mitigation system. Any human or man-made accidents can be mitigated using the system ensuring safety to the environment.

The system includes five layers of barriers, which will prevent radiation exposure, as well as protect people and the environment.

Rooppur nuclear power plant contractors

JSC Atomstroyexport, a subsidiary of Rosatom, was appointed as a general contractor by BAEC for the project. The contractual scope includes the supply of equipment and materials and nuclear fuel, as well as providing training to the project management team.

A $79.3m contract was awarded to Inter RAO Engineering for pit excavation of the main buildings and construction and erection of facilities for the plant.

Goldenberg Group of Companies was awarded the civil construction and pipe laying works contract.

Orgenergostroy carried out a comprehensive engineering survey for the plant and constructed the pilot bases and residential camps for the contractors.

Russian firm TVEL Fuel Company received a contract to serve as the single-source supplier of nuclear fuel for the nuclear power project in August 2019.

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