Snowy 2.0 hydropower project will connect Tantangara and Talbingo reservoirs in New South Wales. Image: State of New South Wales and Department of Planning and Environment 2019.
Snowy 2.0 power plant is expected to be commissioned in 2024. Credit: Clough.
Snowy 2.0 will increase the generating capacity of the Snowy Mountains hydroelectric Scheme by 2GW. Credit: Cmh.
Tunnelling works are currently ongoing at the power plant. Credit: Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA.
The Snowy 2.0 power plant is expected to become Australia’s biggest green energy project. Credit: Voith GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Snowy 2.0 is a pumped hydroelectric storage and generation project being developed by Snowy Hydro, an electricity generation company, in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. It will become Australia’s biggest green energy project and the world’s biggest pumped storage plant, upon completion.

The plant is being developed with an estimated investment of A$5.1bn ($3.62bn). It is an expansion of the Snowy Mountains Hydroelectric Scheme, which was commissioned in 1974.

The NSW government issued planning approval for exploratory works of the project in February 2019. A comprehensive environmental impact statement (EIS) for the main works of the project was submitted in 2019.

The project was originally scheduled for completion in 2024 but was delayed due to various factors including the Covid-19 pandemic, global supply chain disruption and inflation, technical complexity of project design and variable site and geological conditions.

It is expected to be completed in December 2028 and commissioned by December 2029.

The plant will help deliver reliable and affordable energy by adding 2GW of hydroelectric generation capacity to the Snowy Scheme, which has an installed capacity of 3.8GW.

Snowy 2.0 hydropower project details

The Snowy 2.0 pumped hydroelectric storage and generation project will involve the construction of a series of 27km of concrete-lined tunnels that will connect the existing Tantangara and Talbingo reservoirs located within the Snowy Scheme in NSW.

A new power station with pumping facilities will be built approximately 1km underground between the two reservoirs. It will include six reversible Francis pump-turbine and motor-generator units, of which three units will be of variable speed while the remaining will be of synchronous speed.

The underground power station will also feature a machine and transformer hall with six galleries.

The pressure shaft and penstock will be shared among the units that will be arranged in alternating pairs.

Large volumes of water will be stored in the Tantangara Reservoir, which is located at a higher elevation than the Talbingo Reservoir and will be used for on-demand electricity generation.

Snowy 2.0 power plant timeline and construction

The feasibility study for the Snowy Mountains Hydroelectric Scheme expansion was published in January 2018 while the final investment decision was achieved in December 2018.

Construction of the hydropower project is planned to be completed in five phases. Phase one includes exploratory works such as the construction of an exploratory tunnel, portal, construction pad and compound, modernisation of site access roads, and creation of barge infrastructure at Talbingo Reservoir.

The expansion project also involves the construction of intake-outlet structures at both reservoirs, the emplacement of excavated rock in Talbingo Reservoir, and supporting infrastructure.

The tunnelling and excavation works will be performed using drill and blast techniques, as well as tunnel boring machines.

Underground excavation of the machine hall and transformer hall cavern was completed in February 2024. Drill and blast works are currently ongoing for the power station complex.

Transmission details

The existing NSW transmission system will be modernised to establish a direct connection between the new power station and major load centres within the state.

A new transmission substation will be constructed in Bago State Forest to link the Upper Tumut and Lower Tumut substations.

A pair of new double-circuit transmission lines with a length of 4.5km each will be built between the Snowy Hydro 2.0 generator site and the new Maragle substation.

Financing for Snowy 2.0

The Australian Federal Government authorised an investment of A$1.38bn ($981m) for the hydroelectric project in February 2019. The remaining costs will be funded by Snowy Hydro.

The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) provided an A$8m ($6m) grant for the feasibility study.

Contractors involved

SMEC conducted the feasibility study of the Snowy 2.0 hydropower project under a contract awarded by Snowy Hydro in May 2017.

Future Generation, a consortium of Webuild (previously Salini Impregilo), Lane, and Clough, was awarded a contract to perform the civil and electro-mechanical works for the Snowy 2.0 hydropower project in April 2019.

Voith Hydro was selected as the preferred contractor to perform electrical and mechanical works as well as to supply the latest hydropower generation technology including three variable-speed pump turbines for the new power plant.

Leed Engineering is responsible for the pre-construction and exploratory works, while TransGrid was appointed to build the transmission lines.

Snowy 2.0 hydropower project benefits

The expansion project will provide 350GWh or 175 hours of energy storage, which is enough to power approximately 500,000 homes during peak demand. It will boost the capacity of the system by almost 50% from the existing 4.1GW generation capacity to 6.1GW.

It will also improve local infrastructure and boost the economy through job creation. An estimated 2,400 jobs will be generated during the construction phase and up to 5,000 direct and indirect jobs will be created by the project in the Snowy Mountains region.

The Snowy 2.0 hydropower project will also help reduce the wholesale electricity prices in Australia by addressing power shortages.