Offshore wind farms
The Baltyk offshore wind farms will be developed in the Baltic Sea, offshore Poland. The development will include three wind farms, namely Baltyk I, Baltyk II and Baltyk III, with a combined installed capacity of 3GW.
Norwegian energy company Equinor will develop the wind farms jointly with Polenergia, an electric services provider based in Poland.
Baltyk I will have a wind power generation capacity of up to 1.56GW, while Baltyk II and Baltyk III are expected to have a combined capacity of 1.44GW, which will be enough to power two million households in Poland.
The partners are expected to make the final investment decision (FID) on the Baltyk II and Baltyk III projects in 2023, subject to the receipt of the necessary permits. The construction of the two projects is expected to start in early 2024, while first power is anticipated to be fed to the grid in 2026.
The Baltyk I project will be located on the border of Poland’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Baltic Sea, 81km off the coast of the town of Leba in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The Baltyk II and Baltyk III wind farms will be developed in the south-western part of the Baltic Sea and within Poland’s EEZ.
Equinor and Polenergia partnered to develop the Baltyk II and III wind farms in 2018, with each company holding 50% interest in the projects. Equinor acquired 50% interest in the Baltyk I license from Polenergia in December 2019. The wind farms are currently in the early phase of implementation.
The two partners launched a one-year marine environment research programme to conduct the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of Baltyk I in December 2020.
The work completed on the Baltyk II and III projects includes preliminary geological surveys of the seabed and a two-year wind measurement programme using the light detection and ranging (LIDAR) remote sensing system.
Equinor acquired a site at the port of Leba for the construction of the operations and maintenance (O&M) base for the Baltyk II and III projects. To be built, owned and operated by Equinor, the O&M base will have an office, warehouse and transportation facilities.
Baltyk I holds a valid location permit in the Lawica Srodkowa area where it will occupy an area of 128.5km². The project will be developed at a water depth ranging between 25m and 35m.
The Baltyk II and III projects will together cover approximately 240km², located between 22km and 37km away from the coast of Poland, at a water depth ranging from 25m to 40m.
The energy generated from the wind farms will be supplied to the National Power System (KSE) at the existing Slupsk-Wierzbiecino substation under grid connection agreements signed with Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne, the Polish transmission system operator.
In May 2021, the Baltyk II and III offshore wind farms were included under the first phase of Poland’s ambitious plan to develop 5.9GW of offshore wind energy by 2030. The two projects received the contracts for difference (CfD) by Poland’s Energy Regulatory Office (ERO) in the same month.
The CfD scheme aims to support the development of offshore wind projects in the country.
The CfDs were awarded at a price of approximately zl319.6 ($84.5) per MWh for up to 25 years, subject to final approval from regulatory authorities of Poland and the European Commission.
Polish marine survey company MEWO is conducting the EIA of the Baltyk I project.
Global research company DHI was contracted by Polenergia to serve as a consulting company for the EIA process of the Baltyk III project in 2015. It conducted environmental research on hydrographics, marine mammals, background noise and migrating birds.
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